‘Mythos’ e ‘Logos’ como formas de discurso figurativo. Uma leitura crítica da abordagem semiótica de Claude Calame

Diego Honorato

Resumo


Neste artigo, apresenta-se uma interpretação crítica da dissolução da polaridade entre mito e logos, proposta pelo estudioso suíço Claude Calame. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se a tese geral do autor, abordando duas questões centrais: 1) o mito e o logos são opostos? e 2) verifica-se uma progressão do mito à razão? Num segundo momento, desenvolve-se uma leitura crítica da proposta de Calame, através da análise do uso do mito em Platão. Argumenta-se, genericamente, que a abordagem de Calame, tributária da semiótica e dependente dos contextos de enunciação, ampliou a nossa sensibilidade em relação aos usos locais (e às confusões) destes conceitos na Grécia clássica, sustentando-se, por outro lado, que ela reduziu a nossa compreensão das categorias racionais e das conquistas intelectuais dos gregos.

Palavras-chave


razão; mito; dicotomia; dissolução; Calame; Platão

Texto Completo:

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